Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a behavioral disorder characterized by:

  • Inattention – unable to sustain focus
  • Hyperactivity – constantly moving or being too fidgety
  • Impulsivity – doing reckless, spur-of-the-moment things without thinking about the consequences

Prevalence

Most cases of ADHD are diagnosed between the ages of 6 and 12. The symptoms of ADHD usually settle with age; however, they can persist into adulthood. ADHD can also develop in adulthood in people who did not experience symptoms in early life.

Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):

Symptoms of ADHD can be mistaken for emotional problems or bad behavior, and this can lead to a delay in diagnosis. Adults with undiagnosed ADHD may have a history of poor academic performance, problems at work, or difficult or failed relationships.

Diagnosing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:

For a person to receive a diagnosis of ADHD, the symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity must:

  • Be chronic or long lasting
  • Impair the person’s functioning
  • Cause the person to fall behind normal developmental milestones for his or her age
The diagnosis of ADHD requires a wide-ranging evaluation by a licensed paediatrician, psychologist, or psychiatrist with expertise in ADHD, and the administration of authorised scales and questionnaires.

Treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:

There is no cure for ADHD, but some of the follow treatments can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning:

  • Medication – “stimulants” such as methylphenidate
  • Talking and behavioral therapy
  • Psychoeducation – information and support, or parental skills training

Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):

Symptoms of ADHD can be mistaken for emotional problems or bad behavior, and this can lead to a delay in diagnosis. Adults with undiagnosed ADHD may have a history of poor academic performance, problems at work, or difficult or failed relationships.

Diagnosing Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:

For a person to receive a diagnosis of ADHD, the symptoms of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity must:

  • Be chronic or long lasting
  • Impair the person’s functioning
  • Cause the person to fall behind normal developmental milestones for his or her age
The diagnosis of ADHD requires a wide-ranging evaluation by a licensed paediatrician, psychologist, or psychiatrist with expertise in ADHD, and the administration of authorised scales and questionnaires.

Treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:

There is no cure for ADHD, but some of the follow treatments can help reduce symptoms and improve functioning:

  • Medication – “stimulants” such as methylphenidate
  • Talking and behavioral therapy
  • Psychoeducation – information and support, or parental skills training
Source NIMH