Dementia is a syndrome characterized by gradually worsening, usually permanent, unlimited cognitive losses — emotional, intellectual, mental, and subjective —due to the gradual breakdown of brain cells. Dementia can show up in many different forms and impact a wide range of normal life activities, including simple, everyday tasks like paying bills, driving a car, shopping, doing laundry, or taking medication.
Dementia is not one solitary condition or disease but an umbrella term that covers multiple conditions like Alzheimer’s, etc. It is diagnosed in a specialist setting, usually by an older-age psychiatrist.
Delirium vs Dementia
People often confuse delirium with dementia. People with dementia can also develop delirium — they can get temporary episodes of acute brain failure. This presents challenges since the two conditions can be somewhat difficult to tell apart when looking at symptoms.