Schizoid2018-09-27T13:50:05+00:00

Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizoid personality disorder is an uncommon condition in which people avoid social activities and consistently shy away from interaction with others. They also have a limited range of emotional expression.

If you have schizoid personality disorder, you may be seen as a loner or dismissive of others, and you may lack the desire or skill to form close personal relationships. Because you don’t tend to show emotion, you may appear as though you don’t care about others or what’s going on around you.

The cause of schizoid personality disorder is unknown. Talk therapy, and in some cases medications, can help.

Symptoms of Schizoid Personality Disorder:

If you have schizoid personality disorder, it’s likely that you:

  • Prefer being alone and choose to do activities alone
  • Don’t want or enjoy close relationships
  • Feel little if any desire for sexual relationships
  • Feel like you can’t experience pleasure
  • Have difficulty expressing emotions and reacting appropriately to situations
  • May seem humorless, indifferent or emotionally cold to others
  • May appear to lack motivation and goals
  • Don’t react to praise or critical remarks from others

Schizoid personality disorder usually begins by early adulthood, though some features may be noticeable during childhood. These features may cause you to have trouble functioning well in school, a job, socially or in other areas of life. However, you may do reasonably well in your job if you mostly work alone.

Schizotypal and Schizophrenia:

Although a different disorder, schizoid personality disorder can have some similar symptoms to Schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia, such as a severely limited ability to make social connections and a lack of emotional expression. People with these disorders may be viewed as odd or eccentric.

Even though the names may sound similar, unlike Schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia, people with schizoid personality disorder:

  • Are in touch with reality, so they’re unlikely to experience paranoia or hallucinations
  • Make sense when they speak (although the tone may not be lively), so they don’t have conversational patterns that are strange and hard to follow

Treatment for Schizoid Personality Disorder:

If you have schizoid personality disorder, you may prefer to go your own way and avoid interacting with others, including doctors. You may be so used to a life without emotional closeness that you’re not sure you want to change — or that you can.

You might agree to start treatment only at the urging of a family member who is concerned about you. But help from a mental health professional who’s experienced in treating schizoid personality disorder can have a major positive impact. Treatment options include:

  • Talk therapy (psychotherapy). Psychotherapy can be helpful. If you’d like to develop closer relationships, a modified form of cognitive behavioral therapy may help you change the beliefs and behaviors that are problems. A therapist understands your need for personal space and how difficult it is for you to open up about your inner life. He or she can listen to and help guide you without pushing too hard
  • Group therapy. A goal of individual treatment may be a group setting in which you can interact with others who are also practicing new interpersonal skills. In time, group therapy may also provide a support structure and improve your social skills
  • Medications. Although there’s no specific drug to treat schizoid personality disorder, certain drugs can help with issues such as anxiety or depression

People with schizoid personality disorder usually only seek treatment for a related problem, such as depression.

If someone close to you has urged you to seek help for symptoms common to schizoid personality disorder, make an appointment with a health care or mental health professional.

If you suspect a loved one may have schizoid personality disorder, gently suggest that the person seek medical attention. It might help to offer to go along to the first appointment.

With appropriate treatment and a skilled therapist, you can make significant progress and improve your quality of life.

Symptoms of Schizoid Personality Disorder:

If you have schizoid personality disorder, it’s likely that you:

  • Prefer being alone and choose to do activities alone
  • Don’t want or enjoy close relationships
  • Feel little if any desire for sexual relationships
  • Feel like you can’t experience pleasure
  • Have difficulty expressing emotions and reacting appropriately to situations
  • May seem humorless, indifferent or emotionally cold to others
  • May appear to lack motivation and goals
  • Don’t react to praise or critical remarks from others

Schizoid personality disorder usually begins by early adulthood, though some features may be noticeable during childhood. These features may cause you to have trouble functioning well in school, a job, socially or in other areas of life. However, you may do reasonably well in your job if you mostly work alone.

Schizotypal and Schizophrenia:

Although a different disorder, schizoid personality disorder can have some similar symptoms to Schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia, such as a severely limited ability to make social connections and a lack of emotional expression. People with these disorders may be viewed as odd or eccentric.

Even though the names may sound similar, unlike Schizotypal personality disorder and schizophrenia, people with schizoid personality disorder:

  • Are in touch with reality, so they’re unlikely to experience paranoia or hallucinations
  • Make sense when they speak (although the tone may not be lively), so they don’t have conversational patterns that are strange and hard to follow

Treatment for Schizoid Personality Disorder:

If you have schizoid personality disorder, you may prefer to go your own way and avoid interacting with others, including doctors. You may be so used to a life without emotional closeness that you’re not sure you want to change — or that you can.

You might agree to start treatment only at the urging of a family member who is concerned about you. But help from a mental health professional who’s experienced in treating schizoid personality disorder can have a major positive impact. Treatment options include:

  • Talk therapy (psychotherapy). Psychotherapy can be helpful. If you’d like to develop closer relationships, a modified form of cognitive behavioral therapy may help you change the beliefs and behaviors that are problems. A therapist understands your need for personal space and how difficult it is for you to open up about your inner life. He or she can listen to and help guide you without pushing too hard
  • Group therapy. A goal of individual treatment may be a group setting in which you can interact with others who are also practicing new interpersonal skills. In time, group therapy may also provide a support structure and improve your social skills
  • Medications. Although there’s no specific drug to treat schizoid personality disorder, certain drugs can help with issues such as anxiety or depression

People with schizoid personality disorder usually only seek treatment for a related problem, such as depression.

If someone close to you has urged you to seek help for symptoms common to schizoid personality disorder, make an appointment with a health care or mental health professional.

If you suspect a loved one may have schizoid personality disorder, gently suggest that the person seek medical attention. It might help to offer to go along to the first appointment.

With appropriate treatment and a skilled therapist, you can make significant progress and improve your quality of life.