Binge Eating Disorder

Binge Eating Disorder

Binge Eating Disorder

Binge-eating disorder is a serious eating disorder in which you frequently consume unusually large amounts of food and feel unable to stop eating.

Almost everyone overeats on occasion, such as having seconds or thirds of a holiday meal. But for some people, excessive overeating that feels out of control and becomes a regular occurrence crosses the line to binge-eating disorder.

Prevalence

BED is the most common eating disorder in adults affecting approximately 1 to 3% of the general population. However, despite this fact, BED tends to receive far less media attention compared to other eating disorders such as bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa. The rates of BED are comparable among males and females.

Binge Eating vs Bulimia Nervosa

Unlike bulimia nervosa, the binge eating episode in BED is not associated with efforts to prevent weight gain such as purging. People who are diagnosed with bulimia nervosa and BED demonstrate similar patterns of compulsive overeating, dysfunctional cognitive control, food addiction, and risk factors.

Symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder:

Most people with binge-eating disorder are overweight or obese, but you may be at a normal weight.

The episode of binge eating in BED is characterized by:

  • Consuming a disproportionately large amount of food during a distinct period of time such as two hours
  • Lack of a sense of control during the episode – an inability to control what or how much one is eating
  • Eating much more rapidly and insatiably compared to others – eating until they feel uncomfortably full and consuming large quantities of food, despite not feeling physically hungry
  • Often eating in isolation out of embarrassment by the amount of food they are eating
  • Feeling disgusted with themselves and feeling depressed and guilty after a binge eating episode

Diagnosing Binge Eating Disorder:

For a diagnosis of BED to be made, the binge eating episode must occur, on average, at least once a week for three months.

Causes of Binge Eating Disorder:

Similar to other eating disorders, BED is an “expressive disorder” — the binge eating episodes that characterize the condition are an expression of deeper psychological problems. BED often coexists with clinical depression, as it is common for people to turn to food for comfort and to help lift their mood when they are feeling down.

Risks factors for Binge Eating Disorder:

The following risk factors render an individual more vulnerable to developing BED:

  • Family history
  • Psychological problems such as low self-esteem
  • Younger age

Treatment of Binge Eating Disorder:

With regards to management,

  • The results of several studies have shown that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy(CBT) is a more effective form of treatment for BED than behavioral weight loss programs. It has also been demonstrated that CBT is highly effective at treating the self-image issues that characterize BED.
  • There are multiple medications that can help to reduce the frequency of binge eating episodes in people who suffer from BED such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.

Symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder:

Most people with binge-eating disorder are overweight or obese, but you may be at a normal weight.

BED binge eating episodes are characterized by:

  • Consuming a disproportionately large amount of food during a distinct period of time such as two hours
  • Lack of a sense of control during the episode – an inability to control what or how much one is eating
  • Eating much more rapidly and insatiably compared to others – eating until they feel uncomfortably full and consuming large quantities of food, despite not feeling physically hungry
  • Often eating in isolation out of embarrassment by the amount of food they are eating
  • Feeling disgusted with themselves and feeling depressed and guilty after a binge eating episode

Diagnosing Binge Eating Disorder:

For a diagnosis of BED to be made, the binge eating episode must occur, on average, at least once a week for three months.

Causes of Binge Eating Disorder:

Similar to other eating disorders, BED is an “expressive disorder” — the binge eating episodes that characterize the condition are an expression of deeper psychological problems. BED often coexists with clinical depression, as it is common for people to turn to food for comfort and to help lift their mood when they are feeling down.

Risks factors for Binge Eating Disorder:

The following risk factors render an individual more vulnerable to developing BED:

  • Family history
  • Psychological problems such as low self-esteem
  • Younger age

Treatment of Binge Eating Disorder:

With regards to management,

  • The results of several studies have shown that Cognitive Behavioral Therapy(CBT) is a more effective form of treatment for BED than behavioral weight loss programs. It has also been demonstrated that CBT is highly effective at treating the self-image issues that characterize BED.
  • There are multiple medications that can help to reduce the frequency of binge eating episodes in people who suffer from BED such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.
Sources MAYO CLINIC | WIKIPEDIA – Binge Eating  | WIKIPEDIA – Eating Disorder | WIKIPEDIA – Food Addiction | WIKIPEDIA – Food Addiction | WIKIPEDIA – Cognitive Behavioral Therapy