Amphetamine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that can be used in the treatment of health conditions such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity.
Prescription amphetamines include Adderall, methylphenidate (Ritalin), dextroamphetamine, or the inactive prodrug lisdexamfetamine. The street names for amphetamines include uppers, wake ups, whizz, whites, crystal meth, crank, glass, Tina, Christine, and ice.
At therapeutic doses, amphetamines cause:
- Emotional and cognitive effects – such as euphoria, change in desire for sex, increased wakefulness and alertness, enhanced cognition, improved self-confidence and sociability, mood swings, insomnia and/or decreased sense of fatigue.
- The physical effects of amphetamine – include improved reaction time and increased energy and muscle strength. For these reasons, an amphetamine can also be used as an athletic performance enhancer and as an agent that bolsters cognitive functioning.