Bipolar Affective Disorder (BPAD), previously known as manic depressive illness, is a mood disorder characterized by periods of depression (depressive episodes) and/or episodes of extremely elevated and/or irritable moods (manic episodes).
The duration of episodes can vary from days to weeks. Between highs and lows, people with BPAD can be completely symptom free.
Approximately 1% of the global population has BPAD and the male to female ratio is 1:1. The average age of onset of BPAD is 20 – 25.
The earlier BPAD is diagnosed correctly, the better the long-term prognosis because the person is able to receive the right treatment while symptoms are less severe.