Conduct Disorder

Conduct Disorder

Conduct Disorder

Conduct disorders are characterized by repetitive and persistent patterns of aggressive, destructive, deceitful, and defiant behaviors far worse than would be expected in a child of that age.

Prevalence

Conduct disorders are the most common type of mental and behavioral disturbance in children and adolescents. Approximately 5 percent of all people between five and 16 years of age meet the diagnostic criteria for conduct disorder, and this condition is more common in boys than it is in girls.

Prevention

The earlier conduct disorder signs are identified, the better the outcome. Some children are at increased risk of developing them — those growing up in poor households, who have a history of abuse, etc. — and parents, teachers, and health and social care workers are key to noticing the signs and getting them the help they need.

Symptoms of Conduct Disorder:

  • Cruelty to animals
  • Truancy
  • Vandalism
  • Damaging property
  • Burglary

Causes of Conduct Disorder:

To date, no one has found the exact cause of conduct disorders, but it is thought that genetic and environmental factors contribute to their development.

Environmental factors:

  • Authoritarian parenting style
  • Adverse childhood experiences – emotional, physical, and sexual abuse
  • Parental separation or divorce

Treatment for Conduct Disorder:

Treatment options for conduct disorder include:

  • Behavior therapy
  • Family and parental training programmes

Outlook for Conduct Disorder?

  • Conduct disorder causes significant impairment in functioning at home, work, school, or social settings.
  • Children and adolescents with conduct disorder often have coexistent mental health problems such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
  • Approximately 50 % of children with a diagnosis of conduct disorder develop serious mental health issues as adults, such as antisocial personality disorder. They are also at increased risk of incarceration and of developing addiction problems.

Symptoms of Conduct Disorder:

  • Cruelty to animals
  • Truancy
  • Vandalism
  • Damaging property
  • Burglary

Causes of Conduct Disorder:

To date, no one has found the exact cause of conduct disorders, but it is thought that genetic and environmental factors contribute to their development.

Environmental factors:

  • Authoritarian parenting style
  • Adverse childhood experiences – emotional, physical, and sexual abuse
  • Parental separation or divorce

Treatment for Conduct Disorder:

Treatment options for conduct disorder include:

  • Behavior therapy
  • Family and parental training programmes

Outlook for Conduct Disorder:

  • Conduct disorder causes significant impairment in functioning at home, work, school, or social settings.
  • Children and adolescents with conduct disorder often have coexistent mental health problems such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
  • Approximately 50 % of children with a diagnosis of conduct disorder develop serious mental health issues as adults, such as antisocial personality disorder. They are also at increased risk of incarceration and of developing addiction problems.
Source PSYCH CENTRAL