Asperger’s or Asperger syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental condition characterized by having difficulty in interacting socially with other people. Most cases are diagnosed in childhood, with signs showing by the time the child is two years old, but Asperger’s can also be diagnosed in adulthood.
The symptoms of Asperger’s can cause significant impairment in functioning at home, work, school, or social settings, so the earlier the diagnosis and treatment plan, the better prepared someone can be for the future.
Asperger syndrome is considered to be the mildest condition on the autism spectrum. When diagnosed in adults, it can be due to the condition being missed or incorrectly diagnosed as something else when the individual is younger.
“Autism Spectrum Disorder”. National Institute of Mental Health.
Asperger’s affects approx. 0.5% of the global population and affects more males than females, which may in part be due to females showing a different mix of symptoms to males.