Dependent personality disorder (DPD), formerly known as asthenic personality disorder, is a Cluster C Personality Disorder characterized by excessive reliance on others to meet one’s emotional and physical needs.
DPD can be conceptualized in terms of the following tetrad or group of four:
- Cognitive: A perception of oneself as inadequate, coupled with the belief that other people are powerful in comparison.
- Motivational: A desire to get and keep relationships with guardians, providers, and caregivers.
- Behavioral: A pattern of trying to make personal and social relationships stronger to minimize the possibility of abandonment and rejection.
- Emotional: Fear of abandonment, fear of rejection, and anxiety regarding the opinions of authority figures.
The onset of DPD is usually in early adulthood. 0.5% adults met the diagnostic criteria for DPD, and it is more common in females than it is in males.